If water efficiency/conservation is feasible, as determined through the process set out the feasibility assessment section of this web site, then a program would be developed based on the specific challenges and opportunities facing your utility. There are a number of programs in operation across Ontario. However, they have been developed in response to a particular set of circumstances. Simply borrowing their programs for use in your system may not be cost effective. A program tailored to local needs is likely to be most cost effective, and will attract public support.

SWML has provided numerous presentations on water conservation planning and program development and developed a number of water conservation programs.

Developing a water efficiency program SWML would carry out the following tasks:

  • Define your systemís problem to be dealt with in consultation with you
  • Determine a goal that will deal with your problem
  • Select proven measures targeted at achieving the goal
  • Select measures targeted at solving the specific municipal problem
  • Evaluate measures to determine which are most cost effective
  • Consult the public
  • Combine measures to form a program with time frame and budget
  • Develop an implementation and communications plan
  • Prepare report and review with staff and political decision makers
  • Implement the program including a monitoring component with periodic reports

The program could include some of the following initiatives:

  • Reduced quantity of produced but unsold water
  • Utility staff training in water efficiency approaches and measures
  • Public and school information program preparation and implementation
  • Shower head, faucet aerator and toilet retrofit
  • Water efficient washing machine implementation
  • Programs for multi-family residences
  • Industrial/commercial/institutional programs
  • Rain barrel/downspout disconnection programs
  • Water efficient practices for lawns and gardens
  • Meter installation
  • Financial incentives such as rebates for:
    • water efficient toilets and washing machines
    • installation of water efficient industrial equipment
  • Regulations and by-laws regarding:
    • Time for lawn watering
    • Once-through drinking water use for cooling
    • Water taking in dry periods
  • Conservation oriented water rates